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pet information that caters to your special friend



September 2022

Diagnosing a Yeast Infection in Your Dog

Tuesday, September 27, 2022
posted by Jim Murphy

Yeast infections in dogs are usually found in the skin and ears. They are caused by an organizm called Malasezzia pachydermatis. This condition only appeared on the dermatology scene about ten years ago but it may have been around much longer. Yeast infections exist in many dogs but sometimes never does any harm. It’s considered a secondary pathogen if it’s in the dogs ears but is considered a primary pathogen if it’s in the dogs skin. A predisposing cause will change it from a harmless condition to an itchy, relentless problem. Many times dogs suffering from Malasezzia will have skin lesions or sores. They can be isolated or all over the dogs body. The sores are usually red and are accompanied by areas of increased pigmentation, scaliness or greasiness. This scaliness and greasiness with a yellowish tint indicates that malasezzia is probably the problem.

If you notice any of these symptoms, take your dog to the vet who will prescribe medication to help control and eradicate the condition.

Remember, pets are family!

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Should You Worry About Your Older Cat Eating Less?

Monday, September 26, 2022
posted by Jim Murphy

My cat Millie is 17 1/2 years old. She sleeps more and eats less than she did when she was younger. As your older cat’s metabolism slows down, they may eat less. I have given myself some guidelines to follow to give me peace of mind that she fine and eating enough. I give her a specific amount of dry food per day and a small amount of wet food. If she eats a consistent amount each day (I don’t expect her to finish everything) and eats her snacks at night, I feel confident that she is fine. She also poops every other day. If she’s doing this and her poop is normal and she’s drinking throughout the day then this further confirms that she is doing OK.

So look for consistency in your cats eating, drinking and bathroom habits.

“” says this about this topic.

A senior cat’s metabolism slows down, and they spend more time inside and is less active. All of this might happen as a result of their increased weight.

Similarly, when ageing cats approach their senior years, a decrease in their appetite and sickness can influence their lifestyle and, in turn, their general health.

Your cat may eat less or more as it gets older, depending on its individual health. If a senior cat is in good health, it will require between 280 and 360 calories per day.

An elderly cat’s specific requirements are determined by their regular lean weight. Some elderly cats require more cat food than others, which may surprise you.

Remember, pets are family!

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Feeding a Cat, My Recommendations

Sunday, September 25, 2022
posted by Jim Murphy

I would never recommend giving a cat table food. Once in awhile, a lean piece of turkey or beef would be OK for a treat only. Cats need lots of protein. Make sure that you buy a quality cat food and read the label to ensure that it contains the proper nutrients. I have two cats and feed them once per day. Always make sure there is lots of fresh water on hand. Cats eat very small amounts at a time so I leave the food out all day even though some vets   recommended to take it away. You have to use your own good judgement. In this case, I don’t agree with vets that tell you to remove food during the day because cats unlike like dogs  go back and forth to their dish all day. So I would always recommend leaving your cats food out all day. If you’re feeding both wet and dry food, I recommend leaving the dry food out all day but take the un -eaten wet food away after a few hours  because leaving it out too long can cause it to go bad.

I feed my cat one half can of wet food each and a handful of dry food. I buy several kinds of dry food and mix them for variety. In the evening, I give her some treats1each to enjoy. She  seems to do very well on this diet. The key is try to vary the food a bit. Don’t switch brands. Stick with one good brand but vary the flavors. Include some wet food  and you’ll have a healthy, happy cat!

Remember, pets are family!

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The Charming Miniature Schnauzer

Saturday, September 24, 2022
posted by Jim Murphy

The last weekend of Oct. here in Rehoboth Beach is the annual Sea Witch Festival. One tradition is that many people dress their dogs  in all sorts of great costumes. There lots of Miniature Schnauzer’s dressed as everything from princesses to Joe Biden.  I thought that I would provide some information about the Miniature Schnauzer today.  The Miniature Schnauzer is a small sturdy dog with a square head. They are very intelligent, active and happy dogs. They get along great with children and really enjoy being around “their” people.  The are loving, affectionate and docile animals. The Schnauzer makes a very good family pet.  They cannot sense that they’re stronger minded than their owners or they won’t  listen. So you must be firm with them.  These dogs are easy to travel with as they love to go on trips with you.  Don’t  overfeed them because they tend to gain weight easily.

The Miniature Schnauzer makes a good apartment dog. They will be calm indoors as long as they get plenty of exercise.  Take them for long walks on their leasg but be sure that you’re the leader and that they get enough exercise.

Their life expectancy is about 15 years and they usually don’t show signs of old age until late in life.

Their wiry coat  isn’t hard to groom. Comb and brush them daily with a short wire brush to prevent matting.

Remember, pets are family!

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There’s Blood in Your Pet’s Stool

Friday, September 23, 2022
posted by Jim Murphy

One of the more common problems that present at the animal hospital is a bloody stool. Don’t take this lightly. Anytime you see blood in your pets stool, it’s time to take him to the vet right away for an evaluation. Bloody stools can range from a serious illness to gastrointestinal parasites,colonic irritation, irritable bowel syndrome to cancer. An important thing to remember is you must determine if your pet is passing digested blood or frank blood. Digested blood occurs in the upper gastrointestinal tract and it is a black tar color when it’s passed. This is called Melena. Frank blood is a bright red and indicates bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract. In general melena is more serious than frank blood. In either situation a veterinarian must evaluate the seriousness of the situation.

A frequent condition often seen in smaller dogs is hemorrhagic gastroenteritis, or HGE. This is when dogs a voluminous amounts of bloody stools usually along with vomiting. This stool is characterized as frank blood. HGE can be life threatening and often requires the pet to be admitted to the hospital.

Any blood seen in your pets stool must be analyzed by your vet.

Remember, pets are family!

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Pets Should Have Their Daily Dose of Exercise

Wednesday, September 21, 2022
posted by Jim Murphy

Most pet owners would agree that cats and dogs require entirely different levels of human commitment. For one thing, dogs require much more attention than cats, and they need to be outdoors to get a regular dose of exercise. It’s unfortunate, then, that a busy owner’s work schedule can come into conflict with these doggie demands. The typical dog can grow bored while sitting in solitary indoor confinement.

On the other hand, the outside world presents dogs with plenty of unique sights and smells. By setting up a dog exercise pen in the backyard you can ensure that your four-legged friend gets plenty of stimulation. Just be sure to stock the pen with plenty of food and water. When you get home, your dog will be slightly less hyper and more willing to practice some patience before insisting on going for a walk.

Remember, pets are family!

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Prepare Your Pets for Disaster

Tuesday, September 20, 2022
posted by Jim Murphy

When Hurricane Sandy hit in 2012, many people who owned pets were not properly prepared. You should always provide for the safety and well being of your pets as you would with other members of your family. Pets can become disoriented, frightened, or be injured during a time of a disaster and being ready can avoid a tragedy. Be aware that the way your pet reacts in time of disaster is based on instinct and fear.  Loud noises, moving ground if you live in an earthquake prone area , flashes of lightning and thunder,rising water levels, etc., can cause your pets to  abandon their usual places of safety to find new ones. For this reason, it is important to increase the chances of your pet being located and returned to you as the disaster event eases:

Here are some things that your should start doing right now!

  • Ensure that your pets are tagged or microchipped to make ownership clear.
  • Always keep your pets’ ID tags current with their name, your phone number, and your current address, including your email. Add both a landline and a mobile phone number.
  • Take digital photos of each of your pets. Print a copy for each pet; this will help you to ask others if they’ve seen your pet if you’re separated. It is also recommended to include a photo of yourself with your pet, in case you’re separated and people need to match you to your pet.
  • You can purchase a flashing collar or id tag. This can help locate your pet at night.
  • Always be aware of your pets hiding places. These should be checked first. You may find that your pet is in one of his common hiding areas.
  • Keep your pets immunization up to date. This is essential for protection of disease during an emergency situation.
  • Make a list of your pets’ medications. Write down the exact names of the medications.
  • Prepare a pet first aid survival kit.  It should be ready to grad at any time. The kit should include any medication, at least three days of food, water. When planning for emergencies, always include the amount of water for your pet as well as your family.
  • Harnesses and safety leashes.
  • Travel bowls for food and water.
  • A can opener for canned foods.
  • Photos of you and your pet in a plastic bag.
  • Emergency contact numbers.
  • Litter trays or bags for your dog.

Disasters are stressful for both us and our pets. Some come on without warning such as a fire. Be prepared. It could save your pets life.

Remember, pets are family!

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Using Ultra Sound for Determining Pet Illness

Monday, September 19, 2022
posted by Jim Murphy

Ultra sound is one of the most useful tools in veterinary medicine. It provides a three dimensional image of an animals entire abdomen. With this low stress, non invasive procedure a veterinarian gets a clear picture of every organ. Thomas Baker of the UC Davis Veterinary Teaching Hospital and a Veterinarian specializing in Ultra Sound technology says that the signs of an illness available in digital images can help a veterinarian pinpoint the problem early on. He says that the ultra sound enhances the clinical thought of the veterinarian. Using the information provided with ultrasound, your veterinarian can customize treatment to meet your pets specific needs.  Diagnosis can be made early increasing your pets life and reducing the cost of pet medication that may not be treating the specific problem.

Remember, pets are family!

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Cat Hissing, is it Always a Negative Sound?

Sunday, September 18, 2022
posted by Jim Murphy

We’ve been feeding a sweet stray cat who comes to our porch every morning. She also loves to be pet after she eats. The other day I noticed that when I was petting her, I heard a gentle hiss. She was obvious not upset since she came up to me, hunched her back and rubbed on my leg.

Pet MD has prepared a comprehensive guide to cat hissing. In some cases it may mean that they are unfamiliar with you rather than angry.

You may think hissing in cats is a sign of hostility or animosity, but it’s actually a normal way for cats to express fear.

The most common cause of hissing in cats is friction between two unneutered male cats, or between a male cat that’s not neutered and a female cat that’s not spayed that are looking for a potential mate.

Cats can also hiss at people. If your cat hisses when you or another person attempts to handle them, they likely feel threatened. Your cat may also hiss during a vet visit, perhaps while being restrained by the doctor or technicians.

While hissing is normal, it’s a good idea to determine the cause so you can give your cat space and make changes to your cat’s environment if they are scared or stressed. You should also always investigate excessive hissing with your veterinarian to make sure it’s not your cat’s way of telling you that they are in pain or that something else is wrong.

What Does Cat Hissing Sound Like?

Cat hissing is a common behavior that sounds like the hiss of a snake or the sound of air leaking from a car tire. Feline behaviorists believe cats learned how to hiss by mimicking snakes as a survival technique in the wild.

When a cat hisses, they release a sudden burst of air through their mouth, which causes the hissing noise. If you’re close enough to the cat’s face, you can actually feel the air coming out of their mouth when they’re hissing.

A hiss can also change based on the given situation. A hiss can range from a silent, open-mouth hiss that is more a visual sign of unhappiness, to an aggressive his with full-on spitting. Common behaviors that occur with hissing are:

  • Mouth open with tongue curled
  • Ears flattened
  • Back arched
  • Hairs standing on end (also called piloerection)

Cat Hissing vs. Growling

Sometimes a hiss may be confused with a growl. Growling and hissing are natural behaviors, and both help your cat to communicate. A hiss occurs with the mouth wide open and teeth showing. It is a forceful breath out, with a hard stop. A growl often starts with an “mmmm” sound and then becomes low and long, with the sound originating in the throat.

Why Do Cats Hiss?

Hissing is an expression of discomfort, fear, or stress. Some of the top reasons cat hiss include:

  • Feeling threatened by or fearful of people
  • Confrontation with other animals
  • Protecting their kittens
  • Being in an unfamiliar situation or meeting an unfamiliar animal
  • Stress
  • Physical pain or anticipation of pain
  • Displeasure or annoyance

Cat hissing is more defensive than offensive, whether it’s directed at other animals or at humans. When your cat hisses, they are saying they need space from whatever they’re directing the hiss at.

Why Do Kittens Hiss?

Kittens also hiss sometimes from rough play. If another cat or another kitten is playing too rough, your kitten may hiss as a way of telling the other cat to stop. This play hiss is generally a shorter hiss than the defensive hiss of older cats. Your kitten might also respond to a sudden loud noise by jumping up and hissing, with all their fur standing on end.

Why Do Mother Cats Hiss?

Mother cats are very protective of their kittens. They will hiss when someone comes too close to them, whether it’s a person, another cat, or any other animal. Even the sweetest, most social cat will hiss during a calm interaction with their kittens.

Do Some Cat Breeds Hiss More Than Others?

Although cats can be extremely lovable and sweet, some breeds tend to have a somewhat feistier temperament, which can make them more likely to hiss:

  • Siamese
  • Sphynx
  • Bombay
  • Bengal
  • Scottish Fold
  • Pixie Bob
  • Egyptian Mau
  • American Wirehair
  • Korat
  • Singapura
  • Cymric

Why Do Cats Hiss at Each Other?

Hissing is almost always a sign that a cat that feels mistreated, provoked, insecure, uncomfortable, threatened, or pressured in some way.

The common misconception is that the cat that hisses is teasing or taunting the other cat, dog, or person. In actuality, hissing is often a signal that the cat wants to avoid a physical confrontation. In cat-to-cat behavior, the cat that hisses regularly is almost always the victim or the one being chased or antagonized.

Common scenarios for cats to hiss at each other include:

  • A female cat with a litter of kittens may hiss, growl, chase, swat, or try to bite another cat who approaches, even one she was formerly friendly with.
  • Two unneutered male cats or an unneutered male and an intact female commonly hiss at each other when they are looking for mates.
  • Cats are territorial and will hiss at other cats to assert dominance, especially when a new cat is introduced to their surroundings.
  • After a trip to the vet, it is common for the returning cat to be picked on and hissed at by their housemates. Cats communicate through sight, sound, and scent.
  • Cats will hiss to redirect aggression or when they anticipate pain.

What If My Cat Hisses at a New Kitten?

Cats may also hiss at new kittens to establish boundaries, especially when the older cat’s boundaries are being pushed. A hiss is a quick way for that older cat to tell the kitten to stop.

Socialization as a kitten is an important part of growing up. Kittens who don’t have an opportunity to play and interact with littermates may exhibit more dominant behaviors because they didn’t learn limitations or develop self-control.

Why Is My Cat Hissing at the New Pet?

If your cat is reacting to a big change like a new pet, make gradual, supervised introductions, and most of all, be patient. Give your cat a space in the house that’s all their own so they can feel safe.

Even after your cat is well-acquainted with a new family member, they may still hiss and growl more than normal until they fully trust that they are safe around the new pet.

Why Is My Cat Hissing at My Dog?

There are many reasons your cat might be hissing at your dog. In general, cats do not like confrontation with other animals, and hissing is a way to tell a possible aggressor to keep their distance. Hissing between dogs and cats can also be a territorial behavior when a new cat or dog is introduced to the family.

Why Is My Cat Hissing at Me?

Your cat might hiss at you because they’re annoyed with you. They may not want to be petted right then, or it may be because you’re trying to pick them up when they don’t want you to.

This type of hissing is also common if you have small children at home who don’t know when to leave the cat alone. As with other cats, your cat may also hiss at you because they feel threatened or anticipate pain.

Here are some other things you may do to cause your cat to hiss:

  • Trying to trim their nails or groom them
  • Forcing your cat into a carrier for travel
  • Having the smell of an unfamiliar dog or cat on you
  • Vacuuming or using some other noisy household appliance

Hissing is a natural reaction to a situation; it’s not something that your cat thinks about doing. It doesn’t mean your cat dislikes you or that your cat is aggressive. It’s a warning that your cat may have to resort to aggression if the perceived threat doesn’t back off. Provoking a hissing cat will likely lead to scratching and biting.

Physical pain is one of the less common reasons for a cat to hiss. However, your cat might hiss if you are touching them in an area that hurts them. To determine whether a hiss is due to pain or simply fear, it’s important to be observant and have your cat examined by your veterinarian.

Why Is My Cat Randomly Hissing at Nothing?

Cat are sometimes upset by new or unfamiliar things, including people, objects, or changes in environment. This fear or discomfort can prompt hissing at what might appear to be nothing, but in reality, there is a real trigger.

You can ease their fear by slowly introducing and desensitizing them to a new home or new things in their home environment. With a little bit of time and love, your cat will start to feel comfortable.

What Should I Do If My Cat Hisses?

In the short term, the safest thing to do is back away from a hissing cat to avoid getting scratched or bitten.

Here are some steps to follow:

  1. Give them space and let them hide so they feel secure. Do not stare at your cat or try to hold them or comfort them.
  2. Make sure your cat has plenty of escape routes from other animals/pets and places to hide. Cat condos, perches, cat trees, and other high spaces are perfect, as they allow them safe spots where they can calm down.
  3. Give your cat time. Cats may take hours to calm down.
  4. When they are calm, coax your cat out with food and/or catnip and positive reinforcement. Rewards like toys, treats, or canned food can sometimes help relieve the anxiety and stress associated with cat hissing.

Have Your Cat Checked Out for Health Issues

If you’re in doubt about what your cat’s hissing means, or you see behavior that’s out of the ordinary, schedule an appointment as soon as possible with your veterinarian for your cat to be examined.

A cat who hisses excessively and frequently should be evaluated by a veterinarian to rule out pain or discomfort. Other signs that your cat’s hissing may be caused by a medical problem include:

  • Poor appetite
  • Low energy
  • Reclusiveness (hiding) or other changes in behavior
  • Hissing when you pet them in certain areas (possible pain)

Help Your Cat Feel Less Stressed

If all medical issues have been ruled out, there are plenty of ways you can make your cat feel safe and at ease in their environment.

Give them time to acclimate to any new situation. Understanding your cat’s triggers (like being bothered by the dog) will also help prevent unnecessary injuries.

Daily enrichment that uses physical and mental energy (e.g., interactive toys, catnip, hiding boxes, cat trees, window bird feeders, “kitty” TV, and even supervised outdoor activity) is great for helping decrease stress and anxiety in your cat.

Consider pheromone therapy, like Feliway classic plug-in diffuser and/or spray to assist with anxiety and stress, or Feliway Multi to help with multi-cat issues. Pheromone products should be used in a location where your cat spends most of their time. You can also try behavioral supplements like Solliquin or Composure.

You may also want to ask your vet for a recommendation for an animal behaviorist who specializes in helping people understand their pets’ behavior. They can help analyze your specific situation and provide tactics to try to alleviate your cat’s stress.

Remember, pets are family!

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Large Dogs in The Big City?

Friday, September 16, 2022
posted by Jim Murphy

According to Dr. Timothy Mann, a New York City veterinarian, dogs, energy levels and temperament are more important than factors and size. Some large dogs don’t need a big living space if you provide other opportunities for exercise.  He says that St. Bernards and even great  Danes can all live comfortably in the city. The need regular long walks or a run in a dog park. Then, when they come home, they will be content just lying around. Greyhounds will surprise you. They like to run when they have a chance but they are big couch potatoes! Just give them enough exercise outside and they’ll do fine.

st-bernardThere are advantages to having smalls breeds in apartments or condominiums. Some small dogs can even be trained to use a litter box or fake grass on a balcony so you don’t have to worry about rushing downstairs or waiting for the elevator. Apartments are usually too small to accommodate a dog exercise pen, so it’s important that you take your little one out often for exercise.

Remember, pets are family!

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